posted on TUE 16 APR 2019
Human Rights in Peace Operations: Arria-formula Meeting

Tomorrow (17 April), there will be a closed Arria-formula meeting on human rights in peace operations. Côte d’Ivoire, France, Germany, Kuwait, and Peru are sponsoring the meeting, which is expected to be co-chaired by Niels Annen, Minister of State at the German Federal Foreign Office, and Ambassador François Delattre (France). The scheduled briefers are the heads of human rights components of three UN peace operations: Danielle Bell of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI); Guillaume Ngefa of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA); and Abdoul Aziz Thioye of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO). During their statements, Council members are encouraged to ask questions of the briefers to foster an interactive discussion. Aditi Gorur, a Senior Fellow and Director of the Protecting Civilians in Conflict Program at the Stimson Center, will moderate the session.

This will be the fifth closed Arria-formula meeting with heads of human rights components of different operations since 2012. Previous such meetings were organised by Portugal and Togo in February 2012, by Lithuania in January 2015, by New Zealand and Uruguay in March 2016, and by Senegal, Sweden and Uruguay in February 2017.

There are currently 622 human rights personnel participating in 12 UN peace operations, who carry out human rights monitoring, investigating and reporting; integrate human rights into mission activities; and support capacity-building and institutional reforms.

A concept note prepared for the meeting says that it is intended to provide Council members with the opportunity to engage in dialogue with the heads of human rights components regarding the “human rights aspects of peacekeeping,…new developments and innovative approaches to implementing mandates from a field perspective…and how human rights components deliver on core mandate objectives.”

It outlines a series of issues that the briefers will focus on:

  • the work of human rights components, including in cases where peace operations confront a terrorist threat;
  • the challenges and best practices with regard to compliance with human rights and international humanitarian law;
  • the ways that human rights components support the political objectives of peace operations;
  • the role of human rights components, cooperating with troop- and police-contributing countries, in protecting civilians;
  • the work of human rights components in integrating human rights into other components of peace operations.

Bell will describe the human rights work of UNAMI following the extreme oppression carried out by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). She may highlight the importance of protecting human rights during the administration of justice in Iraq—particularly in light of allegations of torture and other maltreatment of defendants—and express concern that people are being tried for mere interaction with ISIL members, rather than for a specific crime. She may frame the fair administration of justice as an important tool of social cohesion and conflict prevention. She may further describe her office’s role in promoting women’s rights in Iraq, including its support for efforts to enact a national anti-domestic violence law.

Ngefa may emphasise the need to address impunity for human rights violations committed in Mali. He may also discuss how social media and unarmed unmanned aerial vehicles have helped the mission collect information on the human rights situation in the country. Ngefa might describe how MINUSMA investigates human rights violations; Council members may be interested in the recent investigations into the upsurge in inter-communal violence in central Mali. In light of recent violations, he may also note the importance of oversight and discipline in respect of the Malian defence and security forces.

Thioye may describe the importance of the human rights component of MONUSCO in helping the mission to protect civilians and stabilise institutions in the country. In this regard, he might speak about the component’s support for judicial processes that lead to convictions of violators, its collaboration with networks of human rights defenders to develop early warning processes, and its efforts to curtail sexual violence in the DRC.

This is one of the rare occasions in which Council members interact informally with heads of mission components. Members may want to know what the Council can do to support the human rights work of peace operations more effectively. They may have questions about how human rights-related mandates are translated into action; in this regard, some may want to discuss how human rights components contribute to the protection of civilians and to conflict prevention in the context of mandate implementation. Some members may further emphasise the need for adequate funding to support the human rights work of peace operations.

posted on TUE 16 APR 2019
AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur: Briefing and Consultations

Tomorrow (17 April), the Security Council will be briefed on the Secretary-General’s latest 90-day report (S/2019/305) on the AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) by Joint Special Representative and head of UNAMID Jeremiah Mamabolo (via video-teleconference from Khartoum). Assistant Secretary-General... Read more »

posted on SUN 14 APR 2019
Yemen Briefing and Consultations

On Monday (15 April), the Security Council will hear briefings on Yemen from Special Envoy Martin Griffiths and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Mark Lowcock, both by videoconference. Virginia Gamba, the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, and Muna Luqman,... Read more »

posted on THU 11 APR 2019
United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH) Mandate Renewal*

Tomorrow (12 April), the Security Council is set to adopt a resolution renewing the mandate of MINUJUSTH, for a final period until 15 October. The draft resolution was circulated by the US, the penholder, on 4 April. Two meetings were... Read more »

posted on WED 10 APR 2019
Women in Peacekeeping Open Debate

Tomorrow (11 April), the Security Council will hold an open debate on women in peacekeeping. The meeting will be chaired by Ursula von der Leyen, the German Federal Minister of Defence. Secretary-General António Guterres; Major General Kristin Lund, the Head... Read more »

posted on WED 10 APR 2019
DPRK Panel of Experts: Mandate Renewal

This afternoon (10 April), following the meeting on Libya, the Security Council is expected to adopt a resolution extending the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the work of the 1718 Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) Sanctions Committee. The draft resolution follows closely the language of the most recent mandate renewal in resolution 2407. It will extend the mandate of the Panel until 24 April 2020, while requesting it to submit midterm and final reports to the Council by September 2019 and March 2020, respectively. Read more »

posted on TUE 9 APR 2019
Venezuela: Briefing on the Humanitarian Situation

Tomorrow morning (10 April), the Security Council will meet to discuss the humanitarian situation in Venezuela, at the request of the US. Secretary-General António Guterres will make introductory remarks and the Council will then be briefed by Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian... Read more »

posted on MON 8 APR 2019
Central African Republic: Adoption of a Presidential Statement

Tomorrow (9 April), the Security Council is expected to adopt a presidential statement establishing benchmarks for suspending or progressively lifting arms embargo measures on the government of the Central African Republic (CAR). This is in accordance with resolution 2454 of... Read more »

posted on MON 8 APR 2019
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Briefing

Tomorrow (9 April), UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi is expected to brief the Security Council. The briefing will take place under the agenda item “Briefing by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees”. Germany, the Council President for... Read more »

posted on FRI 5 APR 2019
Libya: Consultations on the Tripoli Offensive

This afternoon (5 April), Council members will meet in consultations, at the request of the UK, to discuss the situation in Libya. Ghassan Salamé, the Special Representative and head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), will brief via video teleconference. The meeting was prompted by the announcement of a military offensive towards Tripoli by General Khalifa Haftar, head of a militia known as the “Libyan National Army” (LNA). Read more »

posted on MON 1 APR 2019
Security Council Programme of Work for April

Germany holds the Council presidency in April, as the March-April “joint presidencies” of France and Germany continue. In their press conference on 1 March, Ambassadors François Delattre (France) and Christoph Heusgen (Germany) outlined several priorities for March and April: to... Read more »

posted on FRI 29 MAR 2019
UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Mandate Renewal

Today (29 March), the Security Council is set to adopt a resolution renewing the mandate of MONUSCO, until 20 December 2019. The draft resolution was circulated by France, the penholder, on 18 March. Three meetings were held to negotiate the text along with bilateral discussions. Read more »

posted on WED 27 MAR 2019
Combatting Financing of Terrorism Open Debate

Tomorrow (28 March), the Security Council will hold an open debate on combatting the financing of terrorism. France’s Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs Jean-Yves Le Drian will preside and briefers include Under-Secretary-General of the UN Counter-Terrorism Office, Vladimir Voronkov... Read more »

posted on TUE 26 MAR 2019
UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) Mandate Renewal

Tomorrow (27 March), the Security Council is expected to renew the mandate of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) for an additional year. It appears that there was consensus among Council members that UNSOM should maintain its core mandate.... Read more »

posted on MON 25 MAR 2019
Dispatches from the Field: Meetings in Ouagadougou

Council members arrived in Ouagadoudou yesterday morning (24 March) for the final day of their visiting mission, with the objective of assessing the situation in Burkina Faso and discussing the work of the G5 Sahel, whose rotating presidency Burkina Faso... Read more »