posted on MON 14 OCT 2019
Haiti Debate and MINUJUSTH Closure

Tomorrow (October 15) the Security Council will hold its last debate on the UN Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH) before it transitions to the UN Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH), a special political mission (SPM), on 16 October. Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations Jean-Pierre Lacroix is expected to brief on the Secretary-General’s final 90-day report on MINUJUSTH. Additionally, Norway has been invited to brief in its capacity as President of ECOSOC about the work of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti.

The situation on the ground in Haiti in the run-up to the UN’s transition has continued to deteriorate. Protests have increased in intensity in the last few weeks. Seventeen people have been reported dead and over 200 injured in these most recent demonstrations. Last year, demonstrations were located in the capital of Port-au-Prince and some other large Haitian cities, but more recently they have spread throughout Haiti, with greater impact on the population. On 11 October, demonstrations became riots as protestors fought with police and attempted to break a barricade near the presidential residence. Several opposition groups that led the protests have said that they will not stop until President Jovenel Moïse is out of office. Moïse has avoided public appearances.

On 8 October Moïse released a list of people that he suggested could lead discussions to address the crisis, but this was rejected by opposition leader Andre Michel as lacking credibility. In its 30 June report, UNICEF reported that 2.6 million people in Haiti were food insecure, and food shortages have increased in recent weeks.

Council members met under “any other business” on 3 October to discuss the political unrest. At that meeting, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of MINUJUSTH Helen La Lime briefed on Haiti’s political and economic challenges. La Lime cited the public’s frustrations with fuel shortages, the closure of businesses and schools, and corruption.

Parliamentary elections in Haiti were due to be held in October but have been postponed indefinitely because of the continued absence of electoral law. Without fresh elections, in January the terms of one-third of the Senate, the entire lower chamber, and all locally elected officials will expire. At the 3 October meeting, La Lime shared with Council members her view that inclusive dialogue is needed before elections can take place.

Council members were relatively united during the meeting, encouraging the government to engage in inclusive dialogue to calm the situation. Some Council members noted that the Council’s own credibility is at risk, as this political crisis occurs during the transition to an SPM. All members expressed their concern about the humanitarian situation.

The Council adopted resolution 2476 on 25 June, which established BINUH for an initial period of 12 months from tomorrow and changed the reporting period from 90 to 120 days. BINUH’s mandate will include advising the government on issues related to promoting and strengthening political stability and good governance, the rule of law, an inclusive inter-Haitian national dialogue, and protecting and promoting human rights.

The resolution also requested that the Secretary-General provide strategic benchmarks for BINUH to achieve its tasks, which were outlined in the Secretary-General’s report of 9 October (S/2019/805). The six benchmarks and 37 indicators intended to guide BINUH’s efforts in Haiti are likely to be discussed as part of tomorrow’s debate.

In tomorrow’s meeting, members may spend some time reflecting on the gains made in Haiti after 15 years of a UN peacekeeping presence (the previous mission, the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti or MINUSTAH, was established in 2004). They are likely to acknowledge the challenges that remain, and some may express concern about the lack of effective governance in Haiti. Some Council members may take the view that the transition was too rushed, given Haiti’s ongoing instability; they may refer to increased criminality, deteriorating economic conditions, and continued protests.

Since the briefing under “any other business”, there have been discussions about a product on the situation in Haiti.  Following the 3 October meeting, the US, as penholder on Haiti, circulated a draft press statement. The draft press statement essentially urged all stakeholders to refrain from violence, engage in inclusive dialogue, and for the government of Haiti to address root causes of instability and inequality. However, one member was reluctant for members to pronounce themselves at this time, and given that press statements require unanimity, the statement was not agreed.

Additionally, Council members have briefly discussed adopting a separate presidential statement marking the UN’s transition in Haiti. At press time, this remained uncertain. Similar outcomes were adopted with previous transitions and closures of peacekeeping missions, such as Sierra Leone in 2005, Côte d’Ivoire in 2017 and Liberia in 2018.

posted on WED 9 OCT 2019
Syria Briefing under “Any Other Business”

Tomorrow morning (10 October), Security Council members are expected to discuss the situation in Syria under “any other business”, following Turkey’s military offensive in north-eastern Syria, which began earlier today. The European members of the Council—Belgium, France, Germany, Poland, and... Read more »

posted on WED 9 OCT 2019
Colombia Briefing and Consultations

Tomorrow morning (10 October), the Security Council will receive a briefing on Colombia from Special Representative of the Secretary-General Carlos Ruiz Massieu on the 90-day report on the UN Verification Mission in Colombia (covering developments from 27 June through 26... Read more »

posted on WED 9 OCT 2019
Guinea-Bissau Consultations

Tomorrow afternoon (10 October), Security Council members will hold consultations on Guinea-Bissau. Special Representative and head of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) Rosine Sori-Coulibaly is expected to brief via video-teleconference. Equatorial Guinea requested the consultations for Council... Read more »

posted on TUE 8 OCT 2019
Cyprus Consultations  

Tomorrow afternoon (9 October), Council members will hold consultations on Cyprus. A senior representative from the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs is expected to brief Council members. The Republic of Cyprus requested the meeting, citing recent threats by the... Read more »

posted on TUE 8 OCT 2019
Council to Adopt Presidential Statement on the Syrian Constitutional Committee

Today (8 October) the Security Council is expected to adopt a short presidential statement welcoming the Secretary-General’s 23 September announcement of the agreement of the Syrian government and the Syrian Negotiations Commission for “a credible, balanced, and inclusive Constitutional Committee”... Read more »

posted on MON 7 OCT 2019
South Sudan Presidential Statement

Tomorrow morning (8 October), the Security Council is expected to adopt a presidential statement on the implementation of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) of 12 September 2018. The US, as the penholder on... Read more »

posted on MON 7 OCT 2019
Mali: Briefing and Consultations

On 8 October, the Security Council expects to receive a briefing via video-teleconference from Mahamat Saleh Annadif, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative and head of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). It also expects a briefing by Ambassador... Read more »

posted on FRI 4 OCT 2019
Debate on Conflict Prevention and Resolution in Africa

On Monday (7 October), the Security Council is scheduled to hold a debate on “Peace and Security in Africa: The Centrality of Preventative Diplomacy, Conflict Prevention and Resolution” at the initiative of South Africa. UN Secretary-General António Guterres, AU Commission... Read more »

posted on THU 3 OCT 2019
Libya: Council to Vote on Renewing the Provisions of Resolution 2240

Today (3 October), the Security Council is scheduled to renew the authorisation for member states, acting nationally or through regional organisations, to inspect vessels on the high seas off the coast of Libya that they have reasonable grounds to suspect... Read more »

posted on WED 2 OCT 2019
Great Lakes Region Briefing and Consultations

Tomorrow (3 October), the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region Huang Xia will brief the Security Council on the latest report on the implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo... Read more »

posted on TUE 1 OCT 2019
Security Council Programme of Work for October

South Africa is the president of the Security Council in October.  It has chosen to initiate two debates on peace and security in Africa. The first, scheduled for tomorrow (2 October), will focus on mobilising youth towards “Silencing the Guns”... Read more »

posted on FRI 27 SEP 2019
Syria Political Briefing

On Monday (30 September), Special Envoy for Syria Geir O. Pedersen will brief the Security Council on the political situation in Syria. While members are expected to make statements in the open chamber following Pedersen’s briefing, closed consultations are scheduled... Read more »

posted on WED 25 SEP 2019
Peace and Security in Africa Briefing: Partnership to Strengthen Regional Peace and Security

Tomorrow (26 September), the Security Council will hold a ministerial-level briefing on the topic “Peace and security in Africa: partnership to strengthen regional peace and security”. Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, the Chef de Cabinet of the Executive Office of the... Read more »

posted on TUE 24 SEP 2019
Ministerial Debate: Cooperation between the UN and the CSTO, the CIS and the SCO

Tomorrow morning (25 September), the Security Council will hold a ministerial-level debate on cooperation between the UN and regional and subregional organisations, focusing on the role of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and the... Read more »