posted on WED 20 FEB 2019
Djibouti/Eritrea Consultations

Tomorrow afternoon (21 February), Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo is expected to brief Council members in consultations on Eritrea-Djibouti relations under the agenda item “Peace and Security in Africa”. The briefing is taking place in accordance with resolution 2444 of 14 November 2018, which requested the Secretary-General “to keep the Security Council informed of developments towards the normalisation of relations between Eritrea and Djibouti” by 15 February 2019 and every six months thereafter.  Among other things, that resolution also renewed sanctions on Somalia and lifted sanctions on Eritrea.

The lifting of sanctions on Eritrea was the culmination of regional political developments that unfolded since Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki signed a peace agreement in Asmara on 9 July, ending a 20-year conflict. Eritrea and Ethiopia further signed an Agreement on Peace, Friendship and Comprehensive Cooperation on 16 September, which was welcomed by Council members in a press statement (SC/13516). Ethiopia, then a Council member, advocated the lifting of sanctions on Eritrea, which helped inform the Council decision to do so in resolution 2444.

However, issues that led to the imposition of UN sanctions on Eritrea through resolution 1907 of 23 December 2009 remain unresolved, including the Djibouti-Eritrea border dispute and the fate of Djiboutian soldiers missing in action as a consequence of the 10-12 June 2008 skirmishes along the border. On 11 July 2018, Djibouti transmitted a letter to the Secretary-General (S/2018/687) expressing concern about these and other challenges in the relationship between Djibouti and Eritrea, while also welcoming the “latest developments regarding the protracted conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea.”  The letter also expressed receptivity to “a good offices process facilitated by the Secretary-General, in collaboration with the Security Council…”.

A letter submitted to the Council on 18 February (S/2019/154) will most likely serve as the basis of DiCarlo’s briefing tomorrow. The letter maintains that Djibouti and Eritrea “have both expressed their satisfaction with the positive developments in the Horn of Africa and their interest in advancing peace and economic integration in the region.” It briefly assesses the position of the two countries with regard to their dispute. It says that Djibouti would like “its border dispute with Eritrea resolved through a binding international arbitration” and remains “concerned about the fate of its soldiers still missing as a result of the border clashes between Djibouti and Eritrea from 10 to 12 June 2008”. With regard to Eritrea, the letter states that it “has been keen to stress the complexity and difficulty of regional transformation and its determination to avoid errors…while emphasizing a holistic approach to the normalization of all inter-state relations in the Horn of Africa and hoping for more progress in this regard, including in its relations with Djibouti.”

The letter concludes on a positive note by maintaining that the parties have behaved responsibly along their border and have not employed negative rhetoric towards each other. Additionally, it outlines goodwill gestures being undertaken by the neighbours, including the resumption of flights between Asmara and Djibouti City.

Council members are likely to welcome efforts being made to help improve relations between Djibouti and Eritrea. In this regard, they may be interested in any information that DiCarlo has about the contacts that Ethiopia has had with Djibouti and Eritrea in an effort to promote the normalisation of relations between the two countries. They may also want to know if any mediation efforts are being undertaken by the UN Secretariat—and what role the Council could play to support such efforts—especially given the openness expressed by Djibouti in its 11 July 2018 letter to a mediation process facilitated by the Secretary-General in collaboration with the Council.

posted on WED 20 FEB 2019
Central African Republic Briefing

The Council is expected to hold a briefing tomorrow (21 February) on the Central African Republic. Consultations are scheduled to follow, although they may be cancelled, especially if all members decide to make statements in the open chamber. Parfait Onanga-Anyanga,... Read more »

posted on SUN 17 FEB 2019
Dispatches from the Field: Council Mission to Guinea-Bissau

Security Council members visited Guinea-Bissau from 15 to 16 February, following the mission’s first stop in Côte d’Ivoire. The Guinea-Bissau leg was organised as a conflict prevention initiative, just weeks before legislative elections scheduled for 10 March—which were delayed twice... Read more »

posted on SAT 16 FEB 2019
Dispatches from the Field: Côte d’Ivoire and Transitions from Peacekeeping to Non-Mission Settings

Security Council members arrived in Abidjan on Thursday evening (14 February). The next morning (15 February), they held meetings with Foreign Minister Marcel Amon-Tanoh at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and with Vice President Daniel Kablan Duncan at the presidential... Read more »

posted on WED 13 FEB 2019
Visiting Mission to Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea-Bissau

Security Council members leave this evening (13 February) for Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea-Bissau. Equatorial Guinea, this month’s Council president, and Côte d’Ivoire are co-leading the mission, planned for 14 to 16 February. The highlight of the Ivorian leg will be... Read more »

posted on MON 11 FEB 2019
Ukraine Briefing

Tomorrow afternoon (12 February), the Security Council will hold a meeting on the situation in Ukraine. On 8 February (Friday), Russia requested the meeting to mark the anniversary of the “Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements”,... Read more »

posted on MON 11 FEB 2019
Children and Armed Conflict: Arria-formula Meeting on “Protection of Boys and Girls in Shrinking Humanitarian Space”

Tomorrow morning (12 February) at 10 am in Conference Room 6 there will be an open Arria-formula meeting on the protection of children affected by armed conflict in contexts where humanitarian space is shrinking, with a specific focus on the... Read more »

posted on THU 7 FEB 2019
Arria-formula Meeting: Accountability for Conflict-related Sexual Violence

Tomorrow morning (8 February) at 10 am, there will be an Arria-formula meeting in the Trusteeship Council Chamber on the preventive impact of criminal accountability for conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence. The meeting was organised by Germany, in partnership with... Read more »

posted on THU 7 FEB 2019
Kosovo Briefing

This afternoon (7 February), the Security Council is scheduled to receive a briefing on the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), in line with the longstanding practice of holding these meetings on a quarterly basis. The frequency of reporting on UNMIK... Read more »

posted on THU 7 FEB 2019
Sudan Sanctions Regime Renewal

This afternoon (7 February), the Security Council is set to adopt a resolution extending the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee until 12 March 2020. The US, the penholder on Sudan sanctions, circulated a... Read more »

posted on WED 6 FEB 2019
Somalia Consultations

Tomorrow (7 February), Security Council members will hold consultations on Somalia, with Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo briefing on her 30-31 January visit to the country. DiCarlo’s visit came a few weeks after the Special Representative and... Read more »

posted on FRI 1 FEB 2019
Security Council “Plan of Action” for February 2019

Equatorial Guinea is Council president this month. The “provisional programme of work” for the month was not adopted as planned today, due to disagreement over whether Kosovo should be on the programme. The frequency of reporting on the UN Mission... Read more »

posted on FRI 1 FEB 2019
Debate on Mercenary Activity as a Source of Insecurity and Destabilization in Africa

On Monday (4 February), there will be a high-level debate in the Security Council on “Mercenary activities as a source of insecurity and destabilization in Africa”. The Central African sub-region will be a focus of the discussion. President Teodoro Obiang... Read more »

posted on WED 30 JAN 2019
Yemen: Consultations on Implementation of Resolutions

Tomorrow afternoon (31 January), Security Council members are expected to hear briefings in consultations on the implementation of resolutions 2451 and 2452 from the Special Envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths (via video-teleconference from Amman); the Chair of the Redeployment Coordination... Read more »

posted on WED 30 JAN 2019
Central African Republic Sanctions Regime Mandate Renewal

Tomorrow (31 January), the Council is set to renew the Central African Republic (CAR) sanctions regime until 31 January 2020 and the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the CAR Sanctions Committee until 28 February 2020. The security situation... Read more »